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申德义假山制造工艺的发展

文字:[大][中][小] 2016-08-14 19:27:15  浏览次数:

假山制作一般采纳国画中的高远法和深远法。高远法:主体应排在前面左侧或右侧,若主体在左,客体即在右,形成开合式、一大一小、一高一矮、互相呼应。主峰挺拔险峻、后面山坡缓缓延伸,与后座衬体(远山)形断意连。主峰耸立面前,形成开门见山欲先藏的手法,使人感到境界越大,对中部的山水景色产生"可见而又看不清"的诱惑力,使游人必须再移步往前看个究竟。深远法:主体的高度比例和高远法相同,其位置应排在中部左侧或右侧,客体摆在前面右侧或左侧。主客体一个错前,一个错后,遥相呼应,衬体在后。单体景物的多层结构,构成近(客体)中(主体)远(衬体)景的各体层次,从而加强了正面的透视感,增加了景观的深度。山体总面积一般不超过水面的一半或少于一半。这样,留下足够的空白,给欣赏者留下联想与想象的空间,达到"此处无景胜有景""虚中见实"的效果。"山借树为衣,树以山为骨",只有合理配置植物,山水才能有骨有肉,有形有神。通常选用姿态优美,叶小常绿,生长不旺,寿命很长,适应性强的植物。悬崖式假山应植些垂挂类植物。
Rockery to make high and far-reaching method of general adoption of the traditional Chinese painting. High method: main body should be at the top left or right, if the main body in the left, the object is in the right, jewels, forming a large and a small, a higher short, mutual echo. Behind the main high and steep, hillside slowly stretch, and the back lining body (mountains) break even. Main peak stands in front, formed with the desire to hide technique, make the person feels realm, the greater the landscape in central "visible and can't see" allure, visitors must walk forward again to see actually. Profound: main body height ratio and high are the same, its location should be central in the left or the right, the object on the right or left ahead. Subject before a fault, a fault, echo each other at a distance, lining in the body. Monomer scenery of multilayer structure, constitute nearly (object) in the (subject) perspective (lining) of each level, to strengthen the positive sense of perspective, increase the depth of the landscape. Mountain area is generally not more than half or less than half the surface of the water. So, leave enough blank, leaving the viewer association and imagination of space, to achieve "no JingSheng here has an" scene "of" virtual in see actual effect. "Mountain borrowed tree, and trees to mountain for bone", only the rational allocation of plants, landscape can have flesh and bones, tangible. Usually choose a beautiful gesture, leaves small evergreen, anemic growth, long service life, strong adaptability of plants. Cliff type rockery should plant some plants.
 而室内假山都以小型假山喷泉、小型假山鱼池为主,随着塑石假山的普及,且塑石假山具有质量轻、价格便宜、施工方面等特点,近些年来逐渐出现墙体假山,墙体假山不仅能增加主人高尚品味,还能隔绝噪声,冬暖夏凉的效果。以下是室内塑石假山制作流程如下:
And indoor rockery is given priority to with small rockery fountain, small rockery pond, with the popularity of plastic rockery stone, and plastic rockery stone has the advantage of light quality, price cheap, construction etc., in recent years gradually appear wall rockery, the wall can not only increase the rockery owners noble taste, can cut off the noise, the effect of warm in winter and cool in summer. The following is a indoor plastic rockery stone production process is as follows:
  第一、处理防水问题,最好用硬性防水做法(乳液与砂浆的配比为1比4,刷完后不需对涂层进行处理)。
First, dealing with waterproof, had better use rigid waterproof practice (emulsion and slurry ratio of 1 in 4, after the brush don't need to deal with coating).
  第二、在地面用膨胀螺栓固定后焊接钢筋做假山的龙骨,然后把钢丝网绑上,再抹灰,然后待其百分之60干度时根据造型刮好。注意需要塑出大概的形状 ,钢筋焊好之后,在外面扎一层钢丝网,然后开始塑造基础层粉刷。第一次塑型粉刷是做个基层。
Second, on the ground made the rockery after expansion bolt welded steel keel, and then tied the wire mesh, plaster, then treat its sixty percent dryness according to sweep. Note about the shape of the need to model to the, steel welding, outside a layer of steel wire net, and then began to shape the base layer to paint. Plastic type paint is a basic for the first time.
  第三、做二次防水处理,最好做几次防水测试。
Third, do the secondary waterproof processing, it's best to do a few times waterproof test.
  第四、做二次抹灰,然后待其百分之60干度时根据造型刮好,作好基底,及根据你要求的外面层做法做。
Fourth, do the second rendering, then treat its sixty percent dryness according to sweep, basement, and the outside layer practice do according to your requirement.
  第五、上色,根据客户需求,以自然山石的颜色为主,塑造出自然的奇珍异石。
Fifth, coloring, according to customer needs, give priority to with the color of natural rocks, create a natural rare stone.
当然随着我国假山制造工艺的发展制造的方法也会越来越好。
Of course with the development of rockery manufacturing process in our country manufacturing methods will be getting better and better.

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