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怎么才能让景观石在城市中呈现大自然的美

文字:[大][中][小] 2016-08-14 19:24:00  浏览次数:

当今越来越多的人希望在城市中重现大自然的美景。在这种趋势的影响下,山石作为造园的素材被重视并大力推广。利用山石来创造优美的景观,满足人类对生活美自然美的追求,使得人与自然和谐共生,这也就是在当今社会山石造景的重要意义。在园林庭院内使用景观石可增添生机活力。不同形状,不同大小,不同色彩的石头点缀在庭院或草坪内是一道亮丽的风景。
Today more and more people want to recreate the beauty of the nature in the city. Under the influence of this trend, the rock as the landscape material be attach importance to and vigorously promoted. Use rocks to create a beautiful landscape, satisfy human pursuit of life the beauty of nature, the harmonious coexistence between man and nature, which is the significance of landscape stone in today's society. Used in garden landscape stone add vitality. Different shape, different size, different color stones in the garden or lawn ornament is a beautiful scenery.
景观石配座是奇石文明的重要内容和外在体现。比来发现奇石商场和玩家越来越考究此道。景观石底座的原料趋于高级,方式趋于高雅,意韵趋于深重,给人以激烈的艺术美感。由此,我对奇石配座的知道也在不断深化。今天我们就来说说座的功用和配的窍门。
Landscape stone distribution is an important content of stone civilization and external embodiment. Ratios found stone mall and the player is more and more fastidious. Landscape stone base materials tend to be more advanced, tend to be more elegant, picturesque tend to be deep, give a person with intense artistic aesthetic feeling. As a result, I am also in the stone with a know continued to deepen. Today we speak of a function and tips.
一、座的功用
A red, the function of
俗话说,人靠衣裳马靠鞍。大凡玩景观石的,都喜爱给奇石配座。那么座的功用是什么呢?扼要地说是三个词:托石、衬题、补缺。
As the saying goes, people rely on clothes horse saddle. "A play landscape stone, all love to stone to match. So what is the block's function? Briefly say three words: rock, lining and fill a vacancy.
1、衬题
1, the lining problem
每块奇石必定被赋予必定的主题,尤其是有的奇石主题隐晦,更需求底座来烘衬。这种烘衬是对奇石主题的提醒和强化。比方莲花底座,肯定是对观音之类菩萨体裁的注解;云纹、水波纹的点缀无疑暗示了天空和水面的天然环境等等
The subject of each stone must be given must, especially some obscure stone themes, more demand base to carbonado line. The carbonado line is reminded of stone theme and reinforcement. Such as lotus base, such as guanyin bodhisattva expatiation is certainly the annotations; The ornament of moire, water ripple clearly hinted at the sky and the water of the natural environment and so on
2、托石
2, stone
景观石形状万千,为了使其按欣赏者的欣赏视点放置起来,就有必要靠座托举。座要根据奇石的天然形状和咱们的欣赏视点,经凿、锯、雕等技术,保证把奇石托得保险。
Landscape stone shape, in order to make it according to the appreciation appreciation viewpoints put up, it is necessary to rely on a lift. According to the natural shape of stone and let's appreciate the point of view, the chisel, saw, carving and other technology, guarantee the stone to insurance.
3、补缺
3, fill a vacancy
奇石不免有缺点、缺乏,尤其是具象的景观石,部分传神而又有部分缺憾,配座时或经过点缀或增加必要的附件,使奇石显得完好和完满。许多情况下,是对具象的奇石配以头或足,或是非有必要的特征。但要防止过多的点缀,反而会感受弄巧成拙,索然寡味。
Stone unavoidable disadvantages, lack of, especially the representational landscape stone, some vivid and has some defects, with or after ornament or increase the necessary accessories, make the stone appears in good condition and fullness. In many cases, it is the representational stone with the head or foot, or are necessary features. But to prevent excessive ornament, it will feel the self-defeating, turgid.
二、配的窍门
Second, the tips
给奇石配座有其规则和根本的准则。其中有窍门的成分,更是艺术的掌握。要害要在实践中探索总结。我的体会是:
For stone and has its own rules and fundamental principles. There are tricks, but also the master of art. The key to explore in practice. My experience is:
1、视角要精确
1, the Angle of view to accurately
景观石摆放的视点有有横置,竖置,倒置,斜置等等,不论怎么,其正面视角应反映奇石的亮点和精彩层面,尤其是外型石,正确的视角有必要展现其动感态势和声色神韵。因而,视角要在重复观摩后定位精确。
Landscape stone put of viewpoints have transverse, vertical, inversion, oblique and so on, no matter how, the positive perspective should reflect the bright stone and brilliant level, especially the exterior stone, right Angle of view it is necessary to reveal its dynamic posture and debauchery verve. Therefore, to precise position after repeated viewing perspective.
2、宾首要清楚
2, guest first clear
景观石与座,石是主,是鉴赏的首要目标,座为宾,处于副角和隶属的方位。座的高矮、长短、款式和颜色比照等,都应“赞同”奇石,杰出景观石的主体位置,切不可舍本求末,喧宾夺主。
And city landscape stone, the stone is the master, is the first target of appreciation, for guest, in a pair of Angle and azimuth. Seat height, length, style and color comparison, etc., should be "yes" stone, outstanding landscape stone's main body position, must not trifles, a presumptuous guest usurps the host's role.
3、特性要显着
3, features is significant
座的特性要依石和鉴赏者的需求来定,尽量防止千人一面,力求赋有构思和特性。或古拙或亮丽,或深重或明快,突显显着的特性特征。通常来讲,座与石的艺术特性大概是共同的。如此,才干有利于奇石著作显着艺术特性的构成。比方,就其点缀纹样的特性来说,我国历代的特性与特色显着:新石器时代的纯粹朴素;奴隶社会的奥秘和威仪;封建社会前期的战国与秦国,写实倾向鼓起,由精密转为宏伟;汉代的凝重;魏晋南北朝,强健,刚毅而质朴,受释教影响严峻;隋唐时期,具有饱满绮丽与雍容大度的风貌;两宋高雅秀美,柔美简练;元代的粗大健壮豪宕;明代的宽厚;清代的纤巧。
Seat features depending on the needs of stone and appreciators, as far as possible to prevent collection, possesses the conception and characteristics. Like bright, or deep or bright, highlighting significant characteristic features. Generally speaking, with stone art is probably the most common features. So, the ability to stone works show the art characteristics. For example, in terms of the patterns of the ornament characteristics, the characteristics and features of significant: in the past dynasties neolithic pure plain; The mystery of the slave society and dignity; The early stage of the feudal society of the warring states period and qin, realistic tendency, from precision to grand; The han dynasty dignified; Wei jin southern and northern dynasties, strong, resolute and unpretentious, affected by shakyamuni severe; Sui and tang dynasties, beautiful and generous paved with full style; Two song elegant beautiful, gentle concise; The bulky robust hao yuan dynasty down; In the Ming dynasty generous; Slim and qing dynasty.
4、做工要精密
4, to sophisticated craftsmanship
比方雕饰生动流通,细节改变灵敏,色泽均衡共同等。显现座的尊贵高雅。
Vulture act the role ofing circulation of vivid details, for example change sensitivity, color balance together, etc. Show a noble elegance.
5、形体要匹配
5, form to match
座的体量和外型,应根据奇石这个主体形象的形状特征和体量来选配。要做到份额调和,款式调和,匹配得当。通常情况下,石与座的份额,以根本契合黄金分割率为准则。有一种观念,我以为能够学习,就是以表面特征附近为根据把奇石划分红三大类,然后以“黄金律”来断定奇石与底座的高矮份额关系:
Size and shape, should be according to the stone from the size and the shape of the main image characteristic matching. To do share harmonic, harmonic style, match properly. Typically, stone and share, to basic agree with golden ratio as the criteria. Have a kind of idea, I thought that can learn, according to divide the stone on the near surface features red three categories, and then to "golden rule" to conclude that stone and the height of the base share relationships:
① 山形景观石:座高与石高的“黄金比”,取近似值,座为2、石宜3,即2:3,以显石之“慎重而宏伟”。
Landscape stone: (1) the yamagata tall high "golden ratio" with stone, the approximation, for 2, 3, Shi Yi 2:3, namely to show "carefully and grand" of the stone.
②  雕塑型动物人物象形景观石:座高与石高的“黄金比”,取近似值,座宜3、石为2,即3:2,以显石之“活泼生动”。㈢卵形石(包含雅石、禅意石):座高与石高的“黄金比”,取规范值,座宜1、石为1.618,即1:1.618,若以整数表明,就是以显石之“调和天然”,如今还盛行一种做法是,为了更显现奇石的尊贵,往往在座的下部再配以架,有的简称架座,高足为架,短足为座。据我调查,架座之中,座以烘托主题为主,架以造势为主,但全体仍是要根据奇石本身的形体来断定适宜的架座。
(2) animal sculpture character pictographic landscape stone: high high "golden ratio" with stone, the approximation, a appropriate to 2, 3, stone 3:2, namely to show "lively" of the stone. An oval stone (contain stone, stone of zen) : high and high stone "golden ratio", take the standard value, should be 1, stone is 1.618, that is, 618, if the integer indicates that is to show it with "natural" of the stone is now popular a kind of practice, in order to show the dignity of stone, often present the lower part of the combined with frame, some pedestal for short, best for wearing, short enough to seat. According to my investigation, plane seat, seat is given priority to with foil theme, give priority to in order to promote, but all is according to the form of stone itself to determine appropriate pedestal.
6、颜色要调和
6, color to reconcile
座与石的颜色配比,要天然、调和,构成共同的风格。通常而言,以深浅示轻重,座为深色,在视觉上构成慎重感;以色差求改变,色差构成比照但适中,比方有的石种颜色艳丽,配座就应颜色单一素雅,既要防止石与座浑然一色,主体不杰出,也要防止颜色比照激烈,过于纷乱,使人目不暇接。
And the ratio of the color of the stone, to natural, harmonic, constitute a common style. Weight, generally speaking, in depth and shown for dark, constitute a cautious sense on the vision; To change color and color components in the medium, for example, some kinds of color is gorgeous, with a single color should be simple but elegant, both to prevent stone and the base color, main body is not outstanding, also to prevent color comparison is intense, too chaos, make person too many things to see.
7、意韵要符合
7 and brush to conform to
景观石是天然的艺术品,座为人工艺术品。座石合一,大概成为感染力更强的艺术品。无论是涵义,仍是神韵,座都要与石靠近、符合,使其全体的形象更完满,内在更深邃,蕴意更生动,神韵更丰厚,主题更显着。            
Landscape stone is a natural art, for the human art. A stone, probably become stronger appeal of art. Whether it's meaning, is still the verve, seat is near, conform to with stone, the image makes it all the more complete, more deep, inner information more vivid, more generous verve, theme is more significant.
8、纹饰要照应
8, grain to look after
在座上雕琢纹饰,是对奇石欣赏主题的提醒和强化,但纹饰的内在涵义有必要与奇石本身的形状肌理和主题相照应,切忌僵硬搬抄,方枘圆凿。这里所指纹饰的含义首要是指约定俗成的传统含义。比如:蜘蛛表明喜庆;百寿图,松鹤延年等表明长命;莲花表明纯真;鸳鸯表明和睦;牡丹表明富丽;蝙蝠表明美好;一往无前,立刻安全,表明安全;连钱,金锭,肥猪等表明发财;鸟表明日;兔表明月;鱼表明余等等。
太阳城娱乐Carved on present decoration, of stone appreciation theme is to remind and strengthening, but the grain of the inherent meaning is necessary and the shape of the stone itself skin texture and theme that fit, rigid moving copy of avoid by all means, a square peg in a round hole. Here refers to the meaning of grain first refers to the established traditional meaning. For example: spider that festival; The life of figure, such as pine crane live that long life; Lotus that is pure; Yuanyang show harmony; Peony show richly; The bat shows that good; Walk the line, immediately security, show that security; Even money, gold bullion, pig, etc that become rich; The bird shows that day; Rabbit showed that month; Fish that yu and so on.


 

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